The Analysis of Critical Thinking Skill of Version P21 in Solving the Problems of Two Dimensional Arithmetic Derived from the Implementation of Guided Discovery Learning

Main Article Content

Afif Alfa Robi Hobri . Dafik .

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the critical thinking skills of P21 students in solving Arithmetic Two Dimensional problems through the application of Guided Discovery Learning. GDL is a learning process that occurs when students are not presented  with material in final form but learners are expected to organize their own material with guidance from educators if needed. Implementation of GDL in learning process is expected to improve students' thinking ability, especially critical thinking ability version P21. According to P21, in the 21st century, every individual is required to have 4C's skills in order to compete globally and one of 4C's skills is critical thinking. By having these skills, learners are expected to achieve success in life and work. The subjects of this study are discrete mathematics class students, as many as 64 students. Research steps are by providing initial knowledge of Two Dimensional Arithmetic materials through GDL method and Student Worksheet (LKM) then at the end of student learning work on Test Mastery of Teaching Materials (TPBA). The test results are then analyzed using the P21 critical thinking indicator that is reasoned effectively, using a system of thinking, making judgments and decisions. From the analysis result of Teaching Material Mastery Test obtained data about critical thinking level of students, in class A there are 25 students being in very high category (level 4), 10 students are in high category (level 3) and 9 students are in medium category (level 2). While in class C there are 22 students being in very high category (level 4), 4 students are in high category (level 3) and 4 students are in medium category (level 2). The study also produced a two dimensional arithmetic monograph. From the results of this study can be concluded that the application of GDL has a positive effect in developing students' critical thinking skills in solving two-dimensional arithmetic problems.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Robi, A., ., H., & ., D. (2018). The Analysis of Critical Thinking Skill of Version P21 in Solving the Problems of Two Dimensional Arithmetic Derived from the Implementation of Guided Discovery Learning. International Journal of Scientific Research and Management, 6(01), M-2018. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.18535/ijsrm/v6i1.m02
Section
Mathematics

References

1. Amasari, F. H, “The Efforts to improve the critical thinking and creative thinking of students of class X administration office (AP) SMK Negeri 1 Depok in learning mathematics with problem posing method of presolution posing type”. University of Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, 2011.
2. As’ari, A.R, “Ideas for Developing Critical Thinking at Primary School Level”. Internasional seminar Addressing Higher Order Thinking: Critical Thinking Issues in Primary Education. Held by Unversity of Muhammadiyah Makasar, April 12-13, 2014. [Online]. Avalaible: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273634746_Ideas_for_Developing_Critical_Thinking_at_Primary_School_Level
3. Borthick, A.F., Jones, D.R, “The Motivation for Collaborative Discovery Learning Online and its Application in an Information Systems Assurance Course”, Issues in Accounting Education, 15, (2), 181-210, 2000.
4. Brosnahan, H. L, Effectiveness of Direct Instruction and Guided Discovery Teaching Methods for Facilitating Young Children’s Concepts, University of Carnegie Mellon, Pennsylvania, 2001.
5. Castronova, J, Discovery Learning for the 21st Century : Article Manuscript. 2002. [Online]. Available: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.129.4738&rep=rep1&type=pdf. [Accessed: July 23, 2016]
6. Dafik, Hasan, M., Azizah, Y. N., Agustin, I. H, A Generalized Shackle of Any Graph H Admits a Super H-Antimagic Total Labeling, CGANT University of Jember, Jember, 2010.
7. Hidayanti, Dwi, The Analysis of Critical Thinking Skills of SMP Class IX Students In the Material of Cultivation, National Conference on Mathematics and Learning Research (KNPMP I) University of Muhammadiyah Surakarta, 2016.
8. Hobri, Model-Model Pembelajaran Inovatif (Bahan Bacaan Untuk Guru), Center For Society Studies (CSS), Jember, 2010.
9. Kemendikbud, Model Pembelajaran Penemuan (Discovery Learning), Kemendikbud, Jakarta, 2013.
10. Kurniasih, Ary Woro, Growth of Critical Thinking Skill of Student of Mathematics Education Study Program of FMIPA UNNES in Solving Mathematics Problem, Thesis: University of Malang, 2010a.
11. Liliasari, “IPA Learning Model to Improve High-Level Thinking Skills of Teacher Candidates as New Trends in Globalization Era”, Journal of Teaching MIPA, Vol. 2 No. June 1st, 2001.
12. NEA, Preparing 21st Century Studenrs for a Global Society, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.nea.org/assets/docs/A-Guide-to-Four-Cs. Page 8-9.
13. P21. The Intellectual and Policy Foundations of the 21st Century Skills Framework. Washington DC, Partnership for 21st Century Skills, 2015.
14. Robi, A.A, “Discovery Learning Mathematics based learning”, Proceedings of the National Seminar on Mathematics Education entitled The Role of Mathematics and Learning in Developing Local Cultural Wisdom to Support Nation Character Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Madura, Page 33-37, 2016.
15. Rochaminah, S, “The Use of Discovery Methods to Improve Mathematical Critical Thinking Skills of Teacher-education Students”. 2008. [Online]. Available: https://www.scribd.com/doc/50713700/07-Sutji-Rochaminah-Penggunaan-Metode-Penemuan-untuk-meningkatkan-kemampuan. [Accessed: August 20, 2016]