This paper tries to evaluate the comparison between private and public schools at the primary stage in
Barasat (M), N 24 Parganas, and West Bengal, India.20 private and public, primary schools have been
selected out of 91 school from the whole Municipality and the comparison is made on the basis of the
three main parameters, those are infrastructure, quality of education and quality of teaching staff. After the
intense survey it is revealed that infrastructure and education in a public primary school is so poor that
there is need of a huge change to make it fit to participate in competition against private schools. The main
problems in private primary schools are related with teaching. At the end it can be said that the qualitative
decline in public schools has accelerated mushroom growth in private schools with huge students
streaming towards the private school.