Abstract

The phenomenon of child labourer is a social fact that is difficult to eliminate in society (social system)
because it is still functional for social structures such as family, business, and child labourer itself. Various
policies and regulations have been made by the government, but the implementation has not been effective
in dealing with child labourer issues. The aims of this study is to describe: (1) What is the reason parents do
not ask their children to school, even though they are not burdened with the cost of education; (2) What is
the reason of the child involve into the world of work; And (3) What is the basic consideration of employers
employing children, despite being prohibited by the Manpower Act Number 13 Year 2003 and the Law of
the Republic of Indonesia number 1 Year 2000. Based on the theory of structural functionalism, it explained
that society is a social system consisting of parts or elements that are interrelated; united in order and
balance. Changes that occur in one part cause changes to other parts. The basic assumption is that any
structure in the social system is functional and can also be dis-functional to other social structures when the
structure has negative consequences. The certain consequences, both functional and dysfunctional have a
particular purpose and are recognized by the system element so that it is manifest (manifest function). Other
unrecognized elements are latency or having latency function. Through the perspective of the structural
functionalism theory, it can be explained that the phenomenon of child labourer is closely related to the
functioning and dysfunction of social structures such as family, business, and child labourer itself, and in the
process of interaction between structures within a particular social system of purpose. It is a manifest or
latency to the balance of the social system, so the phenomenon of child labourer persists and persists in
society. This research was conducted in Jember regency, precisely in 3 (three) sub districts, namely
Sumbersari, Kaliwates, and Patrang. The location is based on the consideration that there is an almost equal
spread of labourers in the region because each region has the same potential for child labourers for various
reasons and considerations