International Journal of Scientific Research and Management <h2><strong>International Journal of Scientific Research and Management </strong></h2> <p>IJSRM is a online&nbsp;open&nbsp;access journal that publishes articles in the field of&nbsp;Computer Science, Engineering, medical science, social science, economics, clinical research, mathematics, education,&nbsp;bio science, science, Management&nbsp;&amp; Arts . It is an international journal to encourage research&nbsp;publication to&nbsp;research&nbsp;scholars, academicians,&nbsp;professionals and students engaged in their respective field. The journal also provides an international forum to disseminate their knowledge.</p> <p>Our mission is to advance research by working to develop and maintain competence, ethics and integrity and the highest professional standards in the specialty for the benefit of the public. The Faculty seeks, through its activities, to bring about an improvement in research of the public.</p> <p><strong>Important notice</strong></p> <p>Authors can now directly send their manuscript as an email attachment to;</p> <p>All manuscripts are subject to rapid peer review. Those of high quality (not previously published and not under consideration for publication in another journal) will be published without delay. First-time users are required to register themselves as an author before making submissions by signing up the author registration form at journals website</p> <p>With the online journal management system that we are using, authors will be able to track manuscripts progress through the editorial process by logging in as author in authors Dashboard.</p> IJSRM Publisher en-US International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2321-3418 Management Education – The philosophy of Education <p>It’s a duty for a person and for society. The education is related to the importance of culture, the place where you live it influences the education.</p> <p>You must take care about the level of the education that you can achieve. It’s important to get goals, forms, methods, and meaning of education. So philosophy education means philosophical analysis and pedagogical method applications.</p> <p>Universities move according to the importance of education. Today we find common themes about the philosophy of education that express the change in teaching, at all levels.</p> <p>Many philosophies influence the philosophy of education such as realism, idealism, positivism, empiricism, existentialism, Marxism.1</p> Stefania Allegra Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2019-06-11 2019-06-11 7 06 2019-1064-1070 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i6.el01 The Influence of Transformational Leadership, Interpersonal Communication, and Organizational Commitment of Public Service Qualityin BNP2TKI <p>The purpose of this research is to measure direct and indirect influence of transformational leadership, interpersonal communication, and organizational commitment for public service quality in BNP2TKI. This study used survey method, and included in quantitative research. Sample is calculated using Slovin method, is set minimum sample for 140 people, taken by systematic random sampling. Method of data collection by dissemination research instrumens to selected respondents. Method of data analysis using path analysis. The result of the research shows that there are positive direct influence of transformational leadership, interpersonal communication and organizational commitment toward the quality of public service in BNP2TKI. Transformational leadership and interpersonal communication has the positive direct influence for organizational commitment. Transformational leadership has the positive direct influence for interpersonal communication. Transformational leadership has the biggest direct influence for the quality of public service of BNP2TKI.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: The Quality of Public Service, Transformational Leadership, Interpersonal Communication, Organizational Commitment.</p> Abdul Ghofar Wibowo Burhanuddin Tola Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2019-06-11 2019-06-11 7 06 2019-1171-1179 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i6.em01 Impacts of Bank Financing on the Development of Family Farming in Cote d'Ivoire <p>Since gaining independence, Côte d'Ivoire has based its economic development on the primary sector. Thus, currencies derived from the marketing of cocoa, coffee (both traditional crops) then palm oil and coconut; cotton fibers, ... and more recently raw or pre-treated rubber latex, cashew nuts, to name just a few, alongside logs from logging, and finally fish products such as tuna and many other fishery products, Côte d'Ivoire has been able to build schools, universities, hospitals, build industries, build roads, ports, ... in short develop other economic sectors and ensure the good social being of Ivorians. At the same time, agriculture produced the "economic miracle" of our country. But since the fall in prices of agricultural raw materials, the contribution of the agricultural sector to the national GDP has decreased (it is now 25% (APA NEWS, 2018)), and this, along with the various economic, social and economic crises. policies that the country has been experiencing since 1990.</p> Prosper Yao KOUADIO ETIEN Dibiéthéodore TIEBRE Marie-Solange BORAUD N' Takpé Kama Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2019-06-11 2019-06-11 7 06 2019-1180-1181 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i6.em02 Influence Of Technostructural Interventions On Organizational Performance: A Case Study Of Commercial Banks In Kenya <p><em>Technostructural interventions are an expensive typology of organisation development interventions. Commercial banks in Kenya have however been seen to increasingly adopt these interventions in a bid to drive up performance. The literature, on the other hand, indicates that empirical studies on the effects of these interventions have indicated varied results across different sectors and settings. This study therefore sought to establish the effect of technostructural interventions on the performance of commercial banks in Kenya. The typologies of technostructural interventions considered were job enrichment, employee involvement and physical layout. The study adopted a cross sectional research design. Multivariate analysis indicated that job enrichment and physical layout do not have an effect on performance of commercial banks in Kenya. Employee involvement was however found to have a positive and significant effect on the perfomance of commercial banks in Kenya. </em></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Moses Siruri Marwa Dr. Mary J. Namusonge Dr. James M. Kilika Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2019-06-17 2019-06-17 7 06 2019-1181-1193 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i6.em03 Organizational Performance, Firm Size and Chief Executive Officer’s (CEO’S) Compensation for Firms Listed in Nairobi Securities Exchange, Kenya <p>This study examined the link between organizational performance, firm size and CEO’S compensation of firms listed at the NSE. Past studies on the determinants of CEO’S compensation revealed a lack of consensus to the explanation of increases in CEO’S compensation. While most of the studies confirm linkages between organizational performance and CEO’S compensation, they measured organizational performance using financial indicators of performance, the current study investigates the relationship between organizational performance and CEO’S compensation but differs from the previous studies by expanding the measures of organizational performance to include the balanced scorecard measures of financial indicators, customer satisfaction, internal processes and learning and growth elements of performance. Additionally, the study sought to find out the moderating role of firm size on the relationship between organizational performance and CEO’S compensation. The theoretical foundation of this study was based on agency theory. A conceptual model and conceptual hypothesis were drawn from literature and provided directions for this study. The study’s population constituted 60 firms listed at the NSE. Descriptive crossectional survey was adopted for this study. Primary data was collected to capture the opinion of board members on factors that determine levels of CEO’S compensation using semi structured questionnaire. Secondary data was gathered from the financial statements of the listed firms for 2015-2016 financial periods. Descriptive statistics and stepwise regression were used to analyze and interpret the collected data. The study revealed that there was significant and positive relationship between organizational performance and CEO’S compensation. The study further found that firm size had a significant moderating effect on the relationship between organizational performance and CEO’S compensation.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Omamo Anne Peter K’ obonyo Florence Muindi Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2019-06-17 2019-06-17 7 06 2019-1194-1211 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i6.em04 Using an Improvised Abacus to Assist Samproso M/A Junior High School Level One Pupils to Overcome the Problem of Place Value Concept in Mathematics <p>This study is an action research work done to help the JHS one (1) pupils of Samproso M/A Basic School in Offinso South Municipal Assembly to identify place value of 4 - 5 digits in numerals. The study was undertaken in order to bring out the meaning of place value, the importance of teaching and learning materials (TLMs) in teaching and also the teaching and learning materials (TLMs) that could be used in teaching place value as a concept in mathematics. The study used an improvised abacus to help improve pupils’ understanding of the concept of place value. Purposive as well as random sampling technique was selected and used as the study was limited to where the problem was identified and they all shared the same problem. In all, sixty-five (65) pupils comprising thirty-three (33) boys and thirty-two girls from the sample groups were used. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study. Pre-test, observation, interview questionnaire and post-test were the research instruments used to gather reliable data for the study. Pupils were also found to have developed favourable attitude towards mathematics. Recommendations were made with regards to teachers and pupils’ attitude in the teaching of mathematics at the basic school level</p> Daniel Amoah Kwame B. Bour Samuel Boampong Bright Arkoh Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2019-06-04 2019-06-04 7 06 M 2018-144-165 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i6.m01 Fertilizer Cost Build-up in Tanzania and policy options for increasing smallholder farmers’ access <p>Fertilizer price cost build up in Tanzania limits 96.5% of the smallholder farmers access to fertilizer that deter agricultural productivity and the goal for attaining food security. The objective of the paper was to examine strategies for addressing fertilizer price build up in Tanzania that would increase fertilizer use and create demand by smallholder farmers. We use secondary data from the reviewed literature on factors for price build up in Tanzania. The study adopts the supply chain analysis from the source of origin, importation, shipping costs, port service charges, quantity procured, methods of procurement, blending and packaging, as well as means of transportation used. The key determinants in the chain include the Cost, Insurance and Freight (CIF), port charges, port handling costs, bagging, storage fees and means of transportation. The most two significant drivers for the fertilizer price build up is the procurement method and means of transportation that seem to significantly increase farm gate prices. It has been established that price build up is a function of quantity imported due to economies of scale; that is to say importing small quantities pushes buyers to pay high prices for the product and shipping expenses. The infrastructural factors for fertilizer price build up are associated with the mode of transportation as either road haulage or railways use. It has been established that transporting bulky fertilizers to various destinations by road is more expensive when relatively compared with railway transportation. The paper, therefore recommends for policy change that emphasize bulky fertilizer transportation by railways and monitor its implementation.</p> Francis Mwaijande Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2019-06-13 2019-06-13 7 06 2019-230-243 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i6.ah01 Presidential Threshold Concept in the Democratic Perspective in Indonesia <p>This study aims to analyze the Presidential Threshold Concept in the Democratic Perspective in Indonesia. This is because democracy currently applies the principle of popular sovereignty where the highest government is in the hands of the people in this case the people are the source of the power of a country. The concept of PT is not in accordance with the aims and objectives of democracy. This research is a normative study with a legal approach, conceptual approach, and historical approach. Based on the results of the study concluded that it is known that the Democratic System, and the determination of the Presidential Threshold in this presidential election have violated democratic values, do not provide a sense of justice in a democratic party. Presidential systems, basing presidential elections on legislative election results is an anomaly. Because, the legitimacy basis of a president in a presidential system scheme is not determined by parliamentary political formation resulting from legislative elections. Presidential institutions and parliaments in presidential systems are two separate institutions that have different legitimacy bases.</p> Megawati Lestari Zainal Asikin Muh. Risnain Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2019-06-13 2019-06-13 7 06 2019-501-509 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i6.sh01 Creating employee readiness to gain support for change <p>The purpose of this study is to investigate how employee readiness for change was created during an organizational transformation in the telecommunication industry of Ghana. The research embraced a qualitative multiple case study using two companies. Data was gathered primarily through interviews from twenty employees. Thirteen (13) employees were interviewed from Airtel Ghana Ltd and seven (7) employees were interviewed from MTN Ghana Ltd. Managers and non-managers were the participants for the interviews. Semi-structured interviews were carried out. Thematic analysis was undertaken. It is established that: communication, explaining the need for change, engaging and addressing concerns of staff, reference to success stories, assurance about company’s capability, appropriateness of change, and team building were the tools used to create readiness for change. This research has strengthened knowledge in change management in the area of overcoming resistance to change that has been established over the years. This is the first time such a study has been carried out in Ghana especially in the telecommunications industry.</p> Cyracus Badinye Bapuuroh Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2019-06-24 2019-06-24 7 06 2019-510-522 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i6.sh02 A Study of Bending Property for Glass Fiber Reinforced Thermoplastic Composite Sheets <p>In this research a study of the influence of percentage for chopped fiber glass reinforcement thermoplastic sheet on the flexural strength. Hot compression method used to fabricate thermoplastic (polypropylene and polyamide) reinforced by fiber glass at different percentage (10,20,30,40) wt.%, the flexural strength test done by using three-point bending test. The results shown that for bending test the sample glass fiber reinforcement polyamide (GFRPA) and sample glass fiber reinforcement polypropylene (GFRPP), which reinforced with 40% fiber glass achieved the high magnitude of flexural strength (106.1 and 70.8) MPa respectively. While the sample polyamide (PA) and polypropylene (PP) without reinforcement show the lowest magnitude of flexural strength (59.5 and 38.4) MPa respectively.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Mustafa Faisal Zaidan Khudhayer J. Jadee Salwa A. Abed Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2019-06-24 2019-06-24 7 06 2019-254-260 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i6.ec01 The nutritional status of children under five and the associated factors. <p>This was a cross-sectional descriptive survey and the objectives were to find out the nutritional status and associated factors of children under-five years in Mwanamukia of Kasarani Sub-County of Nairobi County. Structured questionnaire was used on demographic, socio-economic and child caring practice. Anthropometric measurements were used. 43% severely stunted and 27%&nbsp; normal. 43% underweight, 26% normal. Severe wasting 20% 50.3% normal. Children age 36-47 months stunted (&lt;-3 Z scores) than younger children, children aged 0-6 months had normal nutritional status. Low dietary diversity were achieved by children under-five (58% (&lt;4 food groups), 23% medium scores (4-8 food groups), 19% high scores (6-8 food groups).&nbsp; Most consumed cereals (79%), legumes (10%), and meat (0.2%).&nbsp; (82%) consumed one meal per day, (6.6%) three meals/ day. Risk of stunting 5.343 times higher in children who did not meet minimum dietary diversity.&nbsp; Risk of stunting was higher (OR=2.421 Ci =1.340-10.346 PV= 0.003).&nbsp; Education 44.6%, 8% illiterate, 34.6% 0’level education, 0.8% University. Low dietary diversity stunted P.V =0.003. Occupation 28.6%, small businesses, and 21.2% farmers. Monthly income KES 11000-20000, lowest KES 1000-10000 per month, 68% had KES 30000/ month. There was no significance difference between nutritional status and household socio-economic status, age of mothers, educational level and occupation PV=0.003. The study shows there is high prevalence of stunting and under-weight in children. In conclusion there was low dietary diversity and low food consumption frequency. Stunting had statically significant association with low dietary diversity and underweight had a statistically significant relationship with household size.</p> Dr. Evayline Muthoni Nkirigacha Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2019-06-04 2019-06-04 7 06 2019-38-52 10.18535/ijsrm/v6i6.ft01 Dispute Resolution Through Mediation in the Court (Court Annexed Mediation) After the Enactment of Supreme Court Regulation No. 1 of 2016 <p>This research aims to examine how the Procedure for Dispute Resolution Through Mediation in the Court and what are the consequences of the enactment of Supreme Court Regulation Number 1 of 2016 concerning Mediation Procedures. This study uses a normative method with a statutory approach and a case approach. The findings from the results of this study that with the enactment of Supreme Court Regulation No.1 of 2016, it turns out that it can accelerate the process of settling cases to 30 days and alleviate the costs of cases. Another finding is that there has been a significant increase in settlement of mediation cases compared to the enactment of Supreme Court Regulation No.1 of 2016.</p> Majedi Hendi Siswara Zainal Asikin Djumardin Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2019-06-04 2019-06-04 7 06 2019-92-97 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i6.lla01 Judicial Commission Supervision in the Relations with the Authority of the Supreme Court <p>The Judicial Commission is formed with two constitutive authorities, namely to propose the appointment of Supreme Judges and have other authority in order to maintain and uphold the honor, dignity and behavior of judges. This study will focus on knowing and analyzing the implementation of the roles and functions of Judicial Commission in maintaining the dignity of judges and to know more deeply about the continuity and strength of sanctions, especially moderate and mild sanctions issued by Judicial Commissions on judges who violate the Code of Ethics and Judicial Behavior Guidelines (KE&amp;PPH) so many proposed recommendations for sanctions of the Judicial Commission are exceute by the Supreme Court of Justice as the executor of sanctions and what are the legal consequences of this act.</p> Endru Mahendra RR. Cahyowati Kaharudin Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2019-06-04 2019-06-04 7 06 2019-98-106 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i6.lla02 The Role of PPATK in Proving Money Laundering Crimes <p>The research aims to find out the PPATK’s Duties and Authorities in Law 8 of 2010 concerning Prevention and Eradication of Crime of Money Laundering and the Role of the PPATK in Proving Money Laundering Crimes.</p> <p>Duties and Authorities of PPATK in Law 8 of 2010 concerning Prevention and Eradication of Money Laundering Crimes. The aim of the PPATK is to Prevent and Eradicate Money Laundering Crimes, thus giving birth to an authority, namely 1). Collect, conclude, collect, analyze, evaluate information obtained from financial service providers, make guidelines on procedures for reporting suspicious financial transactions, 2). Provide advice and assistance to other authorized agencies regarding information obtained in accordance with the provisions of the Act on Money Laundering, 3). Provide recommendations to the government regarding the prevention and eradication of criminal acts of money laundering, 4). Report the results of analysis of financial transactions that indicate criminal acts of money laundering to the police for the purposes of investigation and prosecution for the purposes of prosecution and supervision, and 5). Make and submit reports on the analysis of financial transactions and other activities periodically to the President, Parliament, and institutions authorized to supervise Financial Service Providers (PJK). The role of PPATK in Proof of Money Laundering is PPATK in eradicating criminal acts of money laundering if it finds indications of suspicious transactions, cash transactions over five hundred million rupiahs, or transfers from and or abroad PPATK submits the results of investigations to investigators for investigation. In this case the PPATK only conducts the final assessment of the entire process of problem identification, analysis, evaluation of suspicious financial transactions conducted independently, objectively and professionally. However, the role of PPATK is very decisive in the process of identifying money from original crimes as evidence for investigators in proving the crime of money laundering.</p> Adhar Amiruddin L. Sabardi Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2019-06-04 2019-06-04 7 06 2019-107-116 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i6.lla03 Legal Relationship between Go-Jek Drivers and PT Go-Jek Indonesia in the E-Contract Partnership <p>This study aims to analyze the legal relationship of the e-contract partnership with Go-Jek drivers. The legal issue that is the focus of this study identifies and analyzes the legal relationship between Go-Jek drivers and PT Go-Jek Indonesia in a partnership agreement in the form of e-contract. This research method is normative considering the existence of legal obscurity related to the partnership e-contract arrangement. The research approach used is the Legislative Approach and the Conceptual Approach. With the pattern of equal cooperation in partnership, the reality is that the legal relationship between PT Go-Jek Indonesia and the Go-Jek driver has been inequality. Therefore, the Go-Jek driver as a legal subject becomes weak and needs legal protection. Moreover, the partnership as outlined in the e-contract has not fully provided preventive and repressive legal protection.</p> Shandy Harsyahwardhana Muhaimin Eduardus Bayo Sili Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2019-06-13 2019-06-13 7 06 2019-117-127 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i6.lla04