Global Crisis and the Demand for Gold in Indian Economy: An Analytical Perspective
Dr. Alka Mittal
When India purchased 200 tonnes of gold under the International Monetary Fund's limited gold sales programme, it was interpreted inter alia that it may further inflate the gold price when the price was already ruling high. This motivated us to examine the general trend among the central banks’ demand for gold during recent global financial crisis. In that context,whether India’s purchase of gold was a reserve management strategy or otherwise and whether it affected the gold price trend is examined in this study. In the course of analysis, several related issues such as optimum size of gold in the foreign reserves and rationale of central banks buying gold with special reference to the global crisis are also addressed. The study found that central banks in most of the EMEs and advanced economies had either bought fresh stock of gold or stopped selling their existing stock of gold in the wake of the ‘recent global crisis’. This was strongly supported by economic rationale to hold sizable reserves of gold especially during ‘heightened uncertainty’. India’s purchase did not, apparently, has any impact on the gold price trend and to stock up gold is in line with the global trend.
Assessing Agricultural Risks related to the Start, End and Length of the March – May Season in Nyando
James Musyoka1, Edgar Otumba2
Effective climate risk management requires access to climatic information that is timely, localized and relevant. The analysis of historical daily rainfall data can play a vital role in the generation of the much-needed climate information. 53 years of daily rainfall data for Kisumu were analysed to generate climate information needed by smallholder farmers in Nyando. The analysis involved understanding patterns of climate related events of some importance to farmers such as start of rains, end of season and length of season. This understanding was instrumental in helping the farmers plan, prepare and make informed decisions about the crops and varieties to plant and when to plant. This paper illustrates the approach used in the analysis and also presents and discusses the results of the analysis.
The Impact of Professional Training and Development Practices on the Employees Performance: A Case Study of Ministry of Education in Bahrain
Mariam Mohamed Alghareeb, Rami Mohammed Abu Wadi
The need for increased productivity among the employees of Ministry of Education has become widely accepted, which results to the increase in the demand of training and development practices. Training is a systematic development of knowledge, skills and attitudes required by employees to perform adequately on a given task. This study aims to find out the impact of training and development on employee’s productivity in the Ministry of Education in the Kingdom of Bahrain.
The empirical findings of the study demonstrated that training and development is one of the major tools for enhancing the performance of the employees of Ministry of Education. The training programs provide effective benefits to the Ministry along with its employees as relevant to the amount of cost incurred for it. It was also found that the training helps in assessing the needs that can make the training program and the employees improve all of their weaknesses. The findings also revealed that training also helps to evaluate the areas that need further improvement of training programs
The Relationship between School Cultures and the Principal’s Leadership Style and the Effectiveness of the Principal’s Leadership
TMartinis Yamin1, Risnita2, Warnida3
leadership which is believed to accelerate the attainment of school objectives is the effective leadership, i.e. the type ofleadership which manages to persuade, encourage, influence, and lead followers using various appropriate ways and strategiesto jointly achieve the predetermined goals. The use of an appropriate leadership style supported by positive school cultures will support the creation of highly effective leadership. In other words,the increased effectiveness of the principal’s leadership can be sought by improving school cultures and the democratic leadership style. This research was conducted in SMA Negeri 1 Muaro Jambi. The sample were collected using the technique of probability sampling with a total sample of 62 teachers
Anthony B. Kunkel, Daniel J. Finazzo, Renat A. Sultanov, and Dennis Guster
Quantum-mechanical treatment of 1H+ / 2H+/ 3H+ ion dynamics in carbon nanotubes
Anthony B. Kunkel, Daniel J. Finazzo, Renat A. Sultanov, and Dennis Guster
An investigation of quantum dynamical properties was conducted for H / H / H ions as they traverse through a Carbon nanotube (CNT). The investigation is focused on a FORTRAN based program simulating a hydrogen ion passing through a CNT. Our work included testing convergence of the simulations, understanding dynamical behavior of hydrogen isotopes, and investigating the applied H + CNT potential energy curve
An Inventory Model for Perishable Items with Time Varying Stock Dependent Demand and Trade Credit under Fuzzy type Inflation
Sushil Kumar* & U.S. Rajput
In this paper we presented an inventory model for perishable items with time varying stock dependent demand under fuzzy type inflation. It is assumed that the supplier offers a credit period to the retailer and the length of credit period is dependent on the order quantity. The purpose of our study is to minimize the present value of retailer’s total cost. A numerical example is also given to demonstrate the presented model.
In this article the feasibility of the translation of the business letters and contracts through Google Translate as the web-based machine translation program and Grammarly and LanguageTool as the automatic post-editors and also the quality level of the final output of the machine translation and automatic post-editing in comparison with the human translation are studied. The researchers conducted a careful comparative content analysis with both a qualitative and a quantitative design. After comparing the final output of the machine translation and post-editing with the reference materials, the researchers found that the above-mentioned texts can be translated through machine translation and post-editing only under the supervision of a professional translator, and testing the null hypothesis by using t-test indicated that there was a significant difference between this kind of translation and human translation based on the data obtained from this research
Normally some of the risky and various tasks cannot be done by human. Thus there is need for change in present era. So, robot can be a good and effective option for risky purposes. Robot plays various roles in different fields of industries, medical, colleges, home appliances and military and defense. The proposed work is to design and develop a rough terrain beetle robot. Now a day’s robot’s comes in the market works on a simple terrain while we are on a project which works on plain surface as well as rough surface such as forest, hilly and rocky areas.
In this paper we are focusing on the use of rough terrain robots instead of using other simple robots. This paper also presents an Defense robot which uses different technologies like Infrared sensor, PIR sensor Ultrasonic sensor, Bluetooth module and Wifi Technology etc. and this paper proposed a low voltage power supply, low cost and wireless robot which is controlled using microcontroller and Android Application.