Widad Ibrahim A/gadir A/moula1 , Abd Ietimad Ibrahim Elrahman kambal2, Rawda Alsaffi Ibrahim Alsaffi 3, Asfa elnor4
Impact of a Health Education Program on Improving Barakat Basic School Children's Knowledge about Malaria Prevention and Management , South Gezira
Widad Ibrahim A/gadir A/moula1 , Abd Ietimad Ibrahim Elrahman kambal2, Rawda Alsaffi Ibrahim...
Background Malaria is an ancient scourge of humanity. Almost half the world's population lives in countries where the disease is endemic. Children are the worst affected by this disease. It may cause as many as 10% of all deaths in children.
Material and Methods The study goal was done to evaluate Impact of a Health Education Program on Improving Barakat Basic School Children's Knowledge about Malaria Prevention and Management , South GeziraLocality, Gezira State, Sudan during the period from January to February 2014. The samples consisted of the available 100 pupils (54 girls and 46boys). The data were collected by an interview questionnaire was designed for the purpose of the study. The data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS).
Results:The results obtained that of the children's knowledge were improved that about the main cause of malaria, mode of transmission, sign and symptoms, complications and prevention (64%, 62%, 86%, 53% and 87%) respectively before the program to be (84%, 92%, 97%, 93% and 94%)respectively after the program post program. Also the results showed that there was statistical significant difference regarding childrens' knowledge about factors that lead to spread of malaria in Sudan pre and post education program (P.V. 0.023).
Conclusion:The study concluded that the childrens' knowledge was improved about malaria prevention and management post education program. The study recommended periodic health education program about malaria for children's at all age group and available booklets about malaria for each children.
Youth Unemployment and Poverty in Nigeria: A Threat to Sustainable Growth and Development
1 Aminu Zubairu Surajo*, 2A.H.M Zehadul Karim
The paper focuses attention on the persistent problem of unemployment and poverty among the youths, which is a serious phenomenon in Nigeria. It constitutes a problem not only for the youths themselves but to the overall social, political and economic structures of the country. By examining the condition of the youths, it indicates that there is no concrete attempt by the government to connect, organize and improve the dynamisms of its youths towards sustainable national development. Unemployed youths in the country have not only been neglected and left unattended but have been imposed by unemployment and poverty. This problem not only leads to their disempowerment but also creates a situation that influences them to involve in deviant behaviours such as crime, drug trafficking, prostitutions, internet scam, election rigging and other fraudulent activities. Youth unemployment and poverty threatened peace and national security which shows that the country needs to re-consolidate, educate, and be dedicated to youths by developing policies and programmes that address their problems. Therefore, the problems associated with youth unemployment and poverty in Nigeria include government failure to empower youths to sustain a living, high rate of crime, the rapid growth of ethnic militias and Boko Haram insurgency, youth involvement in political violence and drug trafficking. The solutions to the problem of youth unemployment and poverty in the country comprise of youth empowerment, employment creation, establishing well-articulated National youth policy, propagate moral reorientation, provide sporting and recreational services and train youths the philosophy of tolerance and hardworking
Efficient data administration with reed-Solomon code
Veena Mishra, Dr. R. K. Pateriya
Cloud computing is a novel computing paradigm which is recognized as an arbitrary to traditional reference technology right to its intrinsic resource-sharing and low-maintenance characteristics. One of the virtually fundamental services offered by CSPs (Cloud Service Providers) is cloud storage. To increasing reliability and efficiency of data storage in the cloud the technique used is replication, but its drawback is data loss and higher space consumption. One way to increase the data reliability and reducing the storage space in the cloud is Erasure Coding. In Erasure Coding, the data is fragmented and further encoded mutually into data pieces and stored in different locations. The arbitrary benefit of the Erasure Coding is that the corrupted data can be absolutely reconstructed into separate information. Erasure code comprises of two coding techniques regenerating code and locally repairable code. Regenerating Code is used for balancing storage space and its bandwidth. The Locally repairable code is the technique used to overcome the Disk I/O overhead in the Cloud Storage. The Reed-Solomon code stored data into multiple storage node and encode the data into multiple fragments then perform decoding operation to achieve storage cost with the same level of fault tolerance and consumed time
Ayurveda gives great importance to Takra (Buttermilk) as diet as well as medicine as it is a part of balanced diet and it is considered as a wholesome diet to maintain health. As it facilitates proper digestion and absorption process, it maintains proper metabolism. It is indicated in various disorders related to gastrointestinal system and in metabolic disorders. Due to saturation or ageing of strotas during old-age, the control systems of the body do not get adequate nutrients, which causes aging symptoms such as reduction of memory (dementia), reduced vision, wrinkles on the skin, graying of hair, etc.
But those who take buttermilk regularly, slow aging, keep their arteries flexible for a longer time. Thus buttermilk is an elixir (param-amrutam) which keeps `Jara’ (oldage) and `Vyadhi’ (disease) away. The ayurveda treats buttermilk as an excellent food to keep cholesterol related problems miles away
Tuberculosis in captive sloth bear (Melursus urcinus)
Madhuri Hedau* and B.P.Kamdi
A carcass of 10 year old male Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) from Maharaj Bag Zoo, Nagpur was brought for a post mortem examination with the history of illness since 15 days and no response to the treatment. The postmortem examination revealed pale mucous membrane, hide bound condition and dehydration. Both the lungs revealed presence of large numbers of caseative nodules of various sizes with enlarged and calcified mediastinal lymphnodes.The impression smears prepared from the caseative nodules of lung showed abundant acid fast tubercular bacilli. Histopathological examination of lungs revealed areas of typical granulomatus reaction with caseasation and aggregation of chronic inflammatory cells and sever thickening of inter alveolar septa due to deposition of fibrin, inflammatory cells, and erythrocytes
Institutionalisation Of Father’s Level Of Income On Students Nature Of Campus Adaptations
Ms.Vijayalalshmi N.S, Dr. A.H Sequeira
Objective: - The study aims to empirically test the relationship between types of campus adaptations across student’s father’s income level at engineering undergraduate B. Tech student’s pursuing a four-year study at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT’s) and National Institute of Technology (NIT’s) in India.
Method: - The Multivariate Analysis of Variance (Manova) test was run with SPSS vs. 21 to compare the student’s campus adaptations of IIT’s and NIT’s by student’s father’s level of income earned. Multistage random sampling with n = 1420 student’s were selected comprising of income upto 1,000 (n = 06), income limit of 1,001 to 5,000 (n =76), income limit of 5,001 to 10,000 (n =138), income limit of 10,001 to 20,000 (n = 198), income grater than 20,000 (n = 854), no income (n =40) and student’s who dint know their parents income (n = 108).
Result: - In Academic adaptation, student’s whose father’s had income of 5,001 to 10,000, greater than 20,000 and who were unaware of thier father’s income has positive outcomes while student’s whose father’s income was upto 1,000, 1,001 to 5,000, 10.001 to 20,000 and no income had negative adaptation. In social adaptation, student’s whose father’s income was upto 1,000, 10,001 to 20,000, no income and student’s who were unaware of father’s income had positive social adaptation while student’s whose father’s income was 1,001 to 5,000, 5,001 to 10,000 and greater than 20,000 had negative social outcomes. In physical - psychological adapation, student’s whose father’s income was upto 1,000, 10,001 to 20,000, and greater than 20,000 had positive outcomes and student’s whose father’s income was from 1,001 to 5,000, 5,001 to 10,000, no income and student’s who were unaware of their father’s level of income had negative physical – psychological adaptation. In institutional adaptation, student’s whose father’s income was upto 1,000, 5,001 to 10,000 had positive outcomes while student’s whose father’s income was from 1,001 to 5,000, 10,001 to 20,000, greater than 20,000, no income as well as student’s who were unaware of their father’s level of income had negative outcomes.
Conclusion: - Campus adaptations do vary across student’s father’s level of income influencing student’s experiences at university of Indian institute of Technology (IIT’s) and National Institute of Technology’s (NIT’s)
Patient Credulousness as a Deterrent of Complaining Behaviour
Dr. Fezeena Khadir, Dr. R. Swamynathan
Credulousness as defined in the Merriam-Webster dictionary is ‘the readiness to believe the claims of others without sufficient evidence’. As patients have a tendency to believe their health service provider too readily, there are chances of being easily deceived. Hence, it was pertinent to analyze the intensity of patient credulousness in this study. Patient credulousness, through phenomenological research, was defined in terms of trust, belief, obedience and doubtless approach towards the doctor. Data analysis revealed that out of the total respondents who participated in the study, almost half of them had a tendency to easily believe and obey their medical service provider. A significant difference existed between respondents possessing various levels of medical awareness as well as those admitted in hospitals belonging to north, central and south Kerala in respect of their credulousness, from the results of one-way ANOVA. Multiple comparisons using Tukey HSD tests revealed that the true differences prevailed between respondents possessing medium awareness and high unawareness about the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures as well as between those who were admitted in hospitals belonging to south Kerala from those in north and central Kerala. A statistically significant difference was observed between respondents belonging to various age groups, educational and occupational levels, marital status and those admitted in different types of hospitals belonging to different regions of Kerala in respect of patient credulousness
Bibliotherapy: A contrivance to the Happiness at workplace
Nidhi Kaushal, Dr. Sanjit Mishra
Various tools are available in the Human Resource Management studies to work out with the difficulties of the employees at the workplace. Most of them are purely based on Management science. In the paper, wehave explored the usefulness of bibliotherapy as a significant technique to resolve the various issues facedby the employees in any organization. Through its different characters, situations, and themes, a work ofliterature provides a variety of experiences with the help of the readers can invent solutions to theirproblems. In this paper, we have focused on the interrelatedness between the act of reading and theexperience of Happiness at the workplace
To evaluate the introduction of a focussed assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) scan into the early assessment of trauma patients.
Supriya L Patil, Lalit G Patil, DR Amol Khairnar
Objectives: To evaluate the introduction of a focussed assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) scan into the early assessment of trauma patients.
Methods: The setting was multispeciality hospital and critical care centre. All patients aged 16 or over admitted with blunt trauma requiring fluid resuscitation for hypovolemic shock in a prospective observational study. Patients had a FAST scan performed at the end of the primary survey. Results were compared to results of other investigations, laprotomy, and postmortem examination.
Results: 50 patients were entered into the study. The sensitivity of FAST scan was 66.66% and specificity was 95%.
Conclusion: FAST is highly specific “rule in” technique and is useful in the initial assessment of trauma patients. Emergency physicians can perform FAST after a brief training period
Various Effects on PV Grid System with Dispatchable Supercapacitor
Rupali Jain* Rekha Rana * Gyanender Kumar**
This paper presents a reliable, extended range power storage for an grid connected PV systems. The power supply consists of solar PV source, a battery and Super capacitor (SC). Main source of power is battery, and is connected with super capacitor. These are connecting at the starting and transient phase like overloading. Photovoltaic cell works for the steady condition. The total effect of such arrangement is to improve travel range, reduced size of battery , enhanced excellent response while the overloading condition and battery life .Improved performance which gives optimal use of energy, smooth ride and minimum size of sources of energy
MPPT for PV Systems Based On Optimization Algorithm
Rekha Rana* Rupali Jain * Gyanender Kumar**
Since the power–voltage characteristic curve of photovoltaic (PV) arrays has multiple peaks under partially shaded conditions, the conventional maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control methods willfail to work. However, the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is very suitable to solve themulti-extreme optimization problem. Then this paper proposes a dual-algorithm search method: first,a dormant particle swarm optimization (DPSO) algorithm is activated to search the area of global peak, and then the algorithm will be switched to conventional incremental conductance (INC) algorithm totrack the maximum output power of photovoltaic arrays. During the iteration process of DPSO, if particles happen to search repeatedly or sway in a small region, they will be turned into dormant state so asto reduce convergence time and improve efficiency. Due to the elimination of searching repeatedly, thenumber of particles can be large to strengthen optimization capability. In addition, the optimal number ofparticles for DPSO is found by analysis and simulation. Furthermore, the searching sequence of particlesis optimized to effectively reduce fluctuation of voltage and suppress output voltage spike. Finally, theexcellent performance of the proposed model is verified by simulations and experiments